Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States
One Hundred Years of Citizenship
Between 1914 and the present day the political makeup of the Balkans has relentlessly changed, following unpredictable shifts of international and internal borders. Between and across these borders various political communities were formed, co-existed and (dis)integrated.
By analysing one hundred years of modern citizenship in Yugoslavia and post-Yugoslav states, Igor Štiks shows that the concept and practice of citizenship is necessary to understand how political communities are made, un-made and re-made. He argues that modern citizenship is a tool that can be used for different and opposing goals, from integration and re-unification to fragmentation and ethnic engineering.
The study of citizenship in the ‘laboratory’ of the Balkands offers not only an original angle to narrate an alternative political history, but also an insight into the fine mechanics and repeating glitches of modern politics, applicable to multinational states in the European Union and beyond.
Table Of Contents
Introduction: A Balkan Laboratory of Citizenship
From National Integration to the First Disintegration
1. Brothers United: The Making of Yugoslavia
2. Revolutionary Brothers: The Communist Formula for Yugoslavia
From Socialist Re-Integration to the Second Disintegration
3. Brothers R-United! Federal Citizenship in Socialist Yugoslavia
4. Brothers as Partners: Centrifugal Federalism, Confederal Citizenship and Complication Partnership
5. The Bridges over the Miljacka: The Long Farewell to Yugoslav Citizenship
From Nationalist Disintegration to War
6. Partners into Competitors: Divisive Democracy and Conflicting Conceptions of Citizenship
7. Where is my State? Citizenship as a Factor oinYugoslavia’s Disintegration
8. Enemies: Citizenship as a Trigger of Violence
From Ethnic Engineering to European Re-Integration?
9. From Equal Citizens to Unequal Groups: The Post-Yugoslav Citizenship Regimes
10. Partners Again? The European Union and the Post-Yugoslav Citizens
Epilogue:The Citizenship Argument – Why are We in This Togethe